The Antwerp jesuit church, a revelation.

How a monument follows history…

  GENERAL HISTORY DATE HISTORY of the SAINT CHARLES BORROMEO CHURCH
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Jesus of Nazareth 01-33
Freedom of religion for Christians 313
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Missionary work in the Low Countries 7th century
2nd enlargement of the city with Saint Caitlin gate, rampart, moat ca. 1200
3rd city enlargement: Saint Caitlin rampart razed 1320
Beginning of the Antwerp ‘golden age’ 1488
Birth of Ignatius of Loyola 1491
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Christopher Columbus in America 1492
The theses of Luther 1517
1529-1531 Ignatius begging tours in the Low Countries, including Antwerp
1539 Huis van Aken (House of Aachen) rebuild by Erasmus Schetz
Pope Paulus III approves the Society of Jesus 1540
Council of Trent 1545-1563
Death of Ignatius 1556
1562 First Jesuit in Antwerp – rented house on the Meir
Iconoclast Fury in Antwerp 1566
1574 Huis van Aken (House of Aachen) bought, chapel built, college opened
Calvinist Rule in Antwerp 1577-1585
May 1578 Jesuits refuse republican oath and are expelled
Calvinists use the Jesuit Chapel
the ‘colonels’ move into the college
1578-1585
Calvinistic ‘purging’ of the churches 1581
Antwerp Spanish and Catholic again 1585 Jesuits return and reopen their college
1587 Statue of Mary is placed in the front of the city hall through the agency of Mary sodalities led by Franciscus Costerus
1607 College is moved to Hof van Liere
Twelve Years Truce between the Northern and Southern Low Countries 1609-1621
1612 Jesuit provincialate in Antwerp
1614-1615 Lay out of the building land
15/04/1615 Laying of the foundation stone for the church
1616 Foundation of a ‘profess house’
1615-1621 Building church and tower
1617 Death of architect François d’Aguilon; Pieter Huyssens appointed
12/09/1621 Consecration of the church by bishop Johannes Malderus
1622 Feast on occasion of canonization of Ignatius and Xaverius
1622-1623 Construction of the sodality building
1621-1625 Construction of the Saint-Ignatius and Our Lady’s Chapels
1622-1625 Extension of the ’profess house’
1625 Suspension of Pieter Huyssens as architect
18/07/1718 Lightning strike, fire and destruction of the church
1718-1719 Restauration of the church building
06/11/1719 New consecration of the church
1719-1720 Pulpit, confessionals, wainscoting and organ case (Jan Pieter I van Baurscheit)
Suppression of the Jesuit Order 1773 Professed house and church are closed
1774 a.f. Sale of works of art
1779 Church: catechesis hall of Our Lady’s Cathedral
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French Revolution 1789
French annexation of the Southern Low Countries 1794 Church: storage of confiscated church property
War tax imposed by the French 1795 Sale of church silver and paintings
Nationalisation of the churches 1797 Church: Temple of the Law
1800 Church: Criminal Court of Justice
Concordat Pius VII & Napoleon Bonaparte,
Antwerp diocese abolished
1801
1802 Reopened as parish church in substitution of the damaged Our Lady’s Cathedral
1803 Independent parish Saint Charles Borromeo
19th century Baptismal Chapel, brotherhoods come over
Battle of Waterloo, Belgium and Holland are one country 1815 Church is used as a military hospital
1817 King William sells the church to the parishioners
Independence of Belgium 1830
1834 (in their old church) the Jesuits preach a popular mission
1839 Way of the Cross (Edward Du Jardin and H.E. Janssens)
1840 Altar piece Our Lady of the Carmel (Gustaf Wappers)
Jesuits buy part of the profess house back
1849-1865 Restauration of the front (F. Berckmans)
1860 Part of the profess house is donated as a vicarage
1873 Gates before the front
1922 Electrification of organ and bells (ringing)
1925 Copy of Our Lady’s Assumption after Peter Paul Rubens (altarpiece Our Lady’s Chapel)
1939 Listed as a monument
1943 Nazis carry off 2 bells
Foundation of the Artist’s Medal and the Artist’s Mass
(Marie-Elisabeth Belpaire and Benoit Roose)
1945 Impact of V-bombs in the area: glass fragments
Antwerp diocese is re-established 1961
1981-1987 Restauration of front and nave (Joseph-Louis Steynen)
2009 Fire disaster is prevented