Saint-Paul, the Antwerp Dominican church, a revelation.

How a monument goes along history…

  GENERAL HISTORY SAINT PAULS’S CHURCH HISTORY
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Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem 4 BC
Saul’s birth (‘Paul’) 8
Jesus crucified in Jerusalem

the apostles spread Jesus’’ message

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Saul (Paul) persecutes Christians,

on his way to Damascus he converts to Christianity

ca. 37

 

Paul dies a martyr in Rome ca. 65
edict of Milan: freedom of worship for Christians 313
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missionaries in the Low Countries 7th century
raids by the Vikings 837 church in the borough devoted to Saints Amand and  Eloy
Dominicus de Guzmán 1171-1221
1183 church in the borough devoted to Saint Walburga
foundation of the Dominican Order 1216
1243 Dominicans settle in the Prekersstraat (Preacher’s street)
1256 Dominicans move to Hugo Nose’s plot
1262-1276 construction of first convent church in gothic style
1276 church consecrated by Albertus Magnus o.p.
1444 construction of a covered market mainly for jewellers and silver smiths
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Christophus Columbus in America 1492
ca. 1512 start of the present Saint Paul’s church

(Domien de Waghemakere?)

Martin Luther proclaims his theses in Wittenberg 1517 churchyard gate at Veemarkt – Zwartzustersstraat
Council of Trent 1545-1563
1549 nave of the first convent church pulled down
1550 covered market pulled down
founding of the Antwerp diocese 1559
1565 founding of the Brotherhood of the Sweet Name of Jesus
Iconoclast Fury 1566 interior destroyed
naval battle at Lepanto: Ottoman Turks defeated 1571 consecration of the church by Godfried van Mierlo o.p.

founding of the Brotherhood of the Rosary

Calvinist Rule in Antwerp 1577-1585
1579 convent partly requisitioned, Dominicans expulsed
Catholic worship ‘suspended’ 1581 church requisitioned by Calvinists: ‘purification’ of the interior
1583 convent is parcelled out: laying of two streets
Farnese reconquers Antwerp for Spain’s lawful authorities 1585

 

Dominicans return, church is consecrated again for Catholic worship
1605

1616-1662

reconstruction of the cloisters

 

ca. 1609 The ecclesiastical dispute of the Holy Sacrament and Nativity (Peter Paul Rubens)
1616 Vision of Saint Dominic (Peter Paul Rubens)
ca. 1618-1634 (further) construction of transepts and choir
ca. 1632-1638 choir stalls (Jean de Jupploye?)
1650 altar of the Rosary (Sebastiaan de Neve)
1654-1655 choir screen, altar of the Holy Cross, altar of Saint Dominic (Pieter I Verbruggen)
1654-1658 organ (Nicolaes Van Haegen)
1655-1657 communion rails (Sebastiaan de Neve)
1656 altar of the Holy Sacrament (Pieter I Verbruggen)
1657-1659 confessionals and wainscoting (Pieter I Verbruggen?)
1662 western corridor of the cloisters
1670 bishop Capello consecrates the high altar (Pieter I and II Verbruggen)
1665,

1671-1672

paintings series Naval battle of Lepanto (Jan Peeters)
1679 lightning destroys roofs, crossing tower, façade, vaultings
1680-1682 construction of Baroque tower (Nicolaes Millich)
1684 confessional (Willem I Kerricx)
1688 pillar throne for Our Lady’s statue (Willem I Kerricx)
1697-1707 Calvary
until 1741 Calvary garden
1700-1720 apostle statues (Michiel I van der Voort)
1720-1722 choir organ (Jean-Baptist Forceville)
1783 Joseph II of Austria requisitions Our Lady of the Rosary by Caravaggio
Joseph II of Austria: prohibition to bury inside churches 1784 Stuivenberg graveyard for the Saint Walburga parish
Joseph II of Austria: abolition of brotherhoods 1786
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French Revolution 1789
Southern Low Countries occupied and

 

1794 1794 church silver is sold for war taxes and Rubens’, Van Dyck’s and Jordaens’ works are requisitioned for the Louvre
annexed by France

anti-Catholic legislation

1795
sept. 1796 convent abolished, church closed
churches nationalized by the French 1797
(3-5) 1797 convent and church bought by ex-prior Cornelius Peltiers
concordat Pius VII – Napoleon Bonaparte 1801
Antwerp diocese abolished 1802 City takes over the church as a parish church
22/04/1803 father Alexander Stordeur o.p. appointed as first parish priest
22/08/1804 City buys the church as a parish church
Early XIXth baptistery in the Calvary garden
Dutch Rule 1814-1830
Napoleon defeated at the battle of Waterloo 18/06/1815
Stolen paintings return from Paris 1815-1816 most paintings return from Paris
1816-1817 ramshackle Saint Walburga Church is pulled down.
1817 Prior Peltiers offers the convent to the committee of church wardens
independence of België 1830
Bombarding of Antwerp by the Durch 27/10/1830 stained glass windows destroyed by bombardment
1833 choir screen pulled down;

Holy Cross altar moved

 

1834 communion rails re-arranged;

wainscoting Sweet Name of Jesus;

confessional Willem I Kerricx to the southern transept

ca. 1850 closed corridor of the cloisters arranged as wedding chapel
1854 allotment of convent garden: Sint-Paulusstraat
1859-1862 gate Sint-Paulusstraat
1865 ‘lion gates’ (Jean-Baptiste van Rooy, Gerard Van der Linden)
1874 pulpit (Jean-Baptist de Boeck and Jean Baptist van Wint)
1888-1889 Stations of the Cross in the cloisters (Jean-Baptist de Boeck – Jean Baptist van Wint)
1895-1901 restoration of roof and façade: gable
World War One 1914-1918
1916 parish priest Van Bostraeten imprisoned
1939 listed as a monument
World War Two 1940-1945
1943 two bells stolen
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1955 orchestra masses start again
Antwerp diocese founded anew 1961
1968 2/3 april fire destroys convent, tower and church roofs
1977-1982 restoration of the tower (Louis Williame)
1987-1988 restoration of the roof (Louis Williame)
1991-1993 restoration of the exterior (Louis Williame)
1994-1998 restoration of the interior (Rutger Steenmeijer)
1998 cloisters and presbytery are sold
2001 treasury is opened