Several saints such as St. Julianus (‘Hospitator’) and St. Gertrude of Nijvel (both of the 7th century) became the patron saints of hospitals because they themselves showed hospitality in such an exemplary way. In Antwerp too we have a St.-Julianus hospital.
As regards the Crusades, actual hospital knight-orders were founded, such as the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (the so-called Maltese Order) (approx.1040) and the German Order (1190), founded to receive the pilgrims and to protect them against the Muslim-enemies.
ore peaceful is the race of the Saint-Bernard dogs, which are, just like the two Swiss alp passes and mountains, named after St.-Bernard of Menton who founded an abbey there in 962. The monks saw it as their duty, with the aid of the dogs, to search for lost or buried travellers. The gratitude of the people who were saved was not small, and in this way the fathers received donations throughout Europe.
From the 13th century on many guesthouses in the cities evolved into nursing-houses (our modern ‘hospitals’), where the sole concern was the medical care of their own citizens, who were nevertheless still ‘hospitalised’ there.